1963: President John F. Kennedy declared moratorium on atmospheric nuclear testing
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1963: President John F. Kennedy delivered the commencement address at American University in Washington. He stated, "I speak of peace because of the new face of war. Total war makes no sense in an age when great powers can maintain large and relatively invulnerable nuclear forces and refuse to surrender without resort to those forces. It makes no sense in an age when a single nuclear weapon contains almost ten times the explosive force delivered by all of the allied air forces in the Second World War. It makes no sense in an age when the deadly poisons produced by a nuclear exchange would be carried by wind and water and soil and seed to the far corners of the globe and to generations yet unborn." He then declared a unilateral moratorium on atmospheric nuclear testing.